Surgery has an ancient background. It started from the concept of Da Vinci and has now become a mainstream way of treatment using surgical instruments. Surgery is a Greek process that allows to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
The da Vinci System consists of a surgeon’s console that is typically in the same room as the patient, and a patient-side cart with four interactive robotic arms controlled from the console. Three of the arms are for tools that hold objects, for example, the most important tools.
The surgical apparatus has evolved with the evolution of time. Spinal surgery may be recommended if non-surgical treatment such as medications and physical therapy fails to relieve symptoms. Surgery is only considered in cases where the exact source of pain can be determined—such as a herniated disc, scoliosis, or spinal stenosis.
Whether open surgery or MISS, the spine can be accessed from different directions. These are referred to as surgical approaches and are explained below:
- Anterior approach: As the name implies, the surgeon accesses the spine from the front of your body, through the abdomen.
- Posterior approach: An incision is made in your back.
- Lateral approach: The pathway to your spine is made through your side.
Examples of spinal instrumentation include plates, bone screws, rods, and interbody devices; although, there are other types of devices your surgeon may recommend in treatment of your spinal disorder. The purpose of instrumentation is to stabilize or fix the spine in position until the fusion solidifies.
Should surgical treatment be your only recourse, it may help to understand that minimally invasive spine surgery offers many benefits. Patients who want to return to work and active play, as well as the elderly or those with major spinal problems, often achieve a higher level of function once symptoms are alleviated.