Fiber cable has successfully enhanced the standard of data networking and communication. It does not matter that either the fiber is deployed in the underground application or placed aerial lashed optical fiber has the ability to be used indoor and outdoor. Looking at the tremendous performance of the fiber cable it has been in consideration that these cables can withstand harsh climate conditions and still provide the best performance consistently.
Loose Tube Cables
Loose Tube Cables has a coated fiber “floats” within a rugged, resistant and tube which is filled with optical gel. Because the gel has no physical contract with the fiber, compression or expansion will have no effect on the fiber. The ability of this loose tube cable is that due to the gel in the tube the impact on the fiber is not directly transferred. Not only this, the gel also prevents the water from getting the cable.
Central Loose Tube Cables
Central loose tube cable is based on Central loose tube cable CATV construction. These cables are designed for applications to have low fiber count. The tube is filled with a jelly type material which protects the fibers through the tube, the moisture barrier prevents the water.
Loose Tube Gel Filled Cables
In this type of loose tube cable, the fiber is contained in small, rigid tubes, generally flooded with gel, after being stranded together the fiber is again flooded with gel, and then covered with outer cable. These loose tube gel-filled cables are used for the high- fiber count, long distance telecommunication application, used in indoor and outdoor networking.
One of the major disadvantages with the loose tube gel-filled cables is that the termination of any splice needs extensive clearing process. Because the gel makes the point of termination messy and could allow water penetration which will eventually lead to damaging the loose tube gel filled cable.