A Coax cable is used for radio and data transmission, which often includes applications in computers, video game systems and television. Various types of Coax cables offer different levels of video and audio quality
Coax cable, normally seen as a thick electrical cable. The cable is made from a number of various elements that when together enable the coax cable to carry the radio frequency (RF) signals from one location to another. Wide range of applications exist for coaxial cabling. The two primary impedance values of 50 and 75 Ohms determine specific applications with 50 Ohms primarily used in data signal applications and 75 Ohms used in video signal application.
Coax cables have been used for broadcasting cable and radio, carrying transatlantic telephone signals and even transmitting signals across the ocean. As of 2014, Coax cables were the most popular type of transmission cable for their diverse application, low cost and high reliability, and they are used extensively worldwide.
Video Distribution: One of the broadest uses of Coax cable is for video distribution. From community antenna TV (CATV) signals around the neighborhood to precision digital signals in a post-production studio, these signals are routed on 75 ohm Coax cable
Audio/Visual Equipments: A number of electronic items on the market are compatible with the cable because coaxial is the default cable for its type. Coax cable assemblies are used extensively to connect a wide variety of Home Entertainment such as televisions, Vcr’s and satellite receivers. Modern homes are typically equipped with at least one Coax cable outlet in each room.
Generally 75 Ohm Coax cable is used to carry Audio and Video signals such as RG6 or RG59 is used to carry Audio and Video signals.
WAN/LAN: Wide Area Networks and Local Area Networks often utilize 50 Ohm RG58 and RG174 are two common Coax cable for equipment connection
Global Positioning System: In global positioning system Coax cable 50 ohm RG174, RG188 or RG316 are often used with SMA, MCX or MMCX connectors utilize for the inter connection between antennas and other Equipments.
Communication: The infrastructure of many telecommunications systems relies heavily on 50 Ohm Coax cable for a multitude of interconnection applications. Cell towers and communication equipment in base station facilities are a few typical examples. In these applications RG58, RG223 and RG213 cable with BNC, TNC and Type N connectors are often utilized.
Coax cable used for both analog and digital transmission and it offers higher bandwidth as compared to twisted pair cable and can span longer distances. A number of electronic items on the market are compatible with the cable because coaxial is the default cable for its type. It is relatively inexpensive as compared to optical fibers and it has lower error rates as compared to twisted pair.